Sambucus canadensis L.
Common Name: COMMON ELDER, ELDERBERRY
Coefficient of Conservatism: 3
Coefficient of Wetness: -3
Wetness Index: FACW
Physiognomy: Nt Shrub

Sambucus canadensis B. S. Walters

Wet ground, including swamps and floodplains, ditches, borders of forests, thickets, shores; scattered in marshes and meadows.

The fully ripe purple-black fruit in large flat-topped, umbelliform cymes can be used for making jelly, pie, or wine. The new branchlets and branches of the inflorescence are glabrous or nearly so. Sometimes included with the European S. nigra as subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli.

Sambucus nigra is a larger plant, often a small tree with a substantial trunk, typically has 5 leaflets on leaves of fertile shoots, and the fruiting clusters tend to be pendulous. Sambucus canadensis is always a shrub, almost never with a substantial trunk, often has 7 leaflets on leaves of fertile shoots, and the fruiting clusters are usually more or less erect.  

Locations

Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
    Including Charity Island
Baraga County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Branch County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
Clare County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Delta County
Eaton County
Emmet County
Genesee County
Gladwin County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Houghton County
Huron County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Iosco County
Iron County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Mackinac County
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Missaukee County
Monroe County
Montcalm County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Osceola County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 18, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=11.