Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A. A. Reznicek
A tremendously aggressive woody Asian vine farther south in the United States, but barely established as far north as Michigan where first collected in Allegan Co., near the shore of Lake Michigan, by E. M. Chittenden in 1994. Our plants are var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida.
A planted colony is known from near Crystal Lake, Benzie Co.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. March 22, 2018. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1341.