Quercus velutina Lam.
Common Name: BLACK OAK
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Coefficient of Wetness: 5
Wetness Index: UPL
Physiognomy: Nt Tree

Usually in dry sandy forests with other oaks and hickory or (in cutover areas) red maple and large-tooth aspen.

Yellow or orange inner bark is a good character for this species, but is rarely noted on herbarium specimens. The scaly fringed aspect of the cup around the acorn and the large, hairy, angled winter buds are also diagnostic. The glossy leaves, often but not always lobed more than halfway to the midrib, will also help to distinguish black oak from red oak.

Locations

Allegan County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Branch County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Clinton County
Eaton County
Genesee County
Grand Traverse County
Hillsdale County
Huron County
Ingham County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Lake County
Lapeer County
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Manistee County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Midland County
Missaukee County
Monroe County
Montcalm County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ottawa County
Roscommon County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 17, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1385.