Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
River-bottom flats and banks; found rarely along major streams in the southernmost part of the state.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 11, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1437.