Plantago rugelii Decne.
Common Name: RUGEL'S PLANTAIN, RED-STALKED PLANTAIN
Coefficient of Conservatism: 0
Coefficient of Wetness: 0
Wetness Index: FAC
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Although this is considered a native species, the earliest Michigan collection is from Kent Co. in 1883. Besides the usual disturbed ground (vacant lots, roadsides, parking lots, fields and gardens, lawns, etc.), P. rugelii inhabits moist shores, floodplains, river banks, forests (especially along trails and in clearings).

This species is almost as variable as P. major and grows in much the same places except the driest and hardest packed soil. It can usually be reliably distinguished even before the fruit is ripe by the narrow acute bracts and nearly linear sepals, giving the flower a more elongate, streamlined appearance than the chubby ones of P. major. (Furthermore, the spikes of robust plants may be as long as 65 cm.) The petioles are nearly always pink to deep red-purple at the base, while in P. major they are green or at most a pale pink. The leaves are usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely puberulent, and usually have a few small marginal teeth (though P. major may occasionally have teeth and more often a somewhat undulate margin).

Locations

Alcona County
Allegan County
Arenac County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Branch County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Only on Drummond Island
Clare County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Dickinson County
Eaton County
Emmet County
Genesee County
Gogebic County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Ingham County
Iosco County
Isabella County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Macomb County
Manistee County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Monroe County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Ontonagon County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
St. Clair County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County
Wexford County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 11, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1969.