Hydrastis canadensis L.
Common Name: GOLDENSEAL
Coefficient of Conservatism: 10
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb
Status: T
Hydrastis canadensis M. R. Penskar

Rich deciduous forests, or less often, oak-hickory; quite local.

The three petaloid sepals fall away as the flower opens, leaving the reproductive parts as the showy portion of the flower, conspicuous as in Thalictrum and Actaea. The two cauline leaves expand fully after the flower has opened. The raspberry-like fruit is considered inedible. The knotty yellow rhizomes, however, have long had a reputation for being of medicinal value, and as a result of ruthless exploitation the species has declined considerably in the United States.

Locations

Barry County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Hillsdale County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Lapeer County
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Monroe County
Oakland County
St. Clair County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 14, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2378.