Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A native of dry ground in Turkey and perhaps neighboring areas. Immature specimens were collected in 1900 by E. J. Cole (MICH, GH) in Kent Co.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. March 22, 2018. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=278.