Viola cucullata Aiton
Common Name: MARSH VIOLET
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Coefficient of Wetness: -5
Wetness Index: OBL
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Moist hardwoods (including moist spots or trails in beech-maple forests), but more often in swamps (especially cedar) and bogs, often along streams, sometimes on mossy logs; alder thickets, wet meadows, shores.

The flowers may be quite large (to 25 mm long). Albinos are occasionally found (f. albiflora Britton). The sepals are frequently ciliate and the auricles are often very prominent. Rarely there are a few hairs on the spurred petal, but large auricles will help to distinguish such plants from other species, if they are not hybrids. Some specimens approach V. sororia and others V. affinis or V. nephrophylla.

Locations

Alger County
Allegan County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Branch County
Charlevoix County
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
Clare County
Crawford County
Delta County
Emmet County
Gladwin County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Hillsdale County
Houghton County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Iosco County
Iron County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Missaukee County
Monroe County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
Schoolcraft County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County
Wexford County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 17, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2782.