Viola macloskeyi F. E. Lloyd
Common Name: SMOOTH WHITE VIOLET
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Coefficient of Wetness: -5
Wetness Index: OBL
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Wet ground: especially bogs and conifer swamps, often on sphagnum hummocks; swamps, alder thickets, wet hollows in rich deciduous forests, sometimes on mossy logs; mossy rock crevices, meadows.

Our plant is subsp. pallens (DC.) M. S. Baker or var. pallens (DC.) C. L. Hitchc., sometimes recognized as V. pallens (DC.) Brainerd. Many keys and descriptions notwithstanding, the lateral petals in var. pallens are glabrous or at most with a few short hairs (not strongly bearded). The flowers are usually somewhat smaller than in V. blanda and V. renifolia. Flowering plants may be as small as 1.5 cm tall or 10 times that size; the flowers almost invariably overtop the leaves. In V. blanda and V. renifolia, the flowers are often about equal to the leaves or even shorter.

Locations

Alcona County
Alger County
Baraga County
Barry County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Charlevoix County
    Only on Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
Clare County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Delta County
Emmet County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Houghton County
Ingham County
Iosco County
Iron County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Montcalm County
Montmorency County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Roscommon County
Schoolcraft County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County
Wexford County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 13, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2785.