Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
A large forest tree of eastern North America, native slightly east and south of Michigan, but regularly cultivated. Found well established in a deciduous forest near Ann Arbor by J. A. Peirson in 2011.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 15, 2017. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2878.