Please try our next iteration of the Michigan Flora Online here. Beginning on February 1, 2023, will point to this new site.

The new site offers several benefits over the existing website, including real coordinate mapping, giving a clearer view of the density of documentation as well as more precision about plant distributions and their link to landforms. We will also have the ability to update species pages more regularly, both in terms of new collections and as more existing Michigan specimens are georeferenced. In addition, we have a better photo display, and offer indented keys.


These plants are sometimes cultivated for their handsome large heads with pale to deep reddish purple rays and dark (maroon to purple or brown) disk. The receptacular bracts have conspicuous slender rigid tips that extend to and beyond the tips of the disk flowers.

1. Leaf blades oblanceolate to long-elliptic (ca. 8–15 times as long as broad, tapering into the petiole), entire.

E. pallida

1. Leaf blades ovate to ovate-lanceolate (ca. 2–4 times as long as broad, on distinct petioles), with at least a few teeth.

E. purpurea

All species found in Echinacea

Echinacea pallidaPALE CONEFLOWER 
Echinacea purpureaPURPLE CONEFLOWER 


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. January 29, 2023.