Please try our next iteration of the Michigan Flora Online here. Beginning on February 1, 2023, will point to this new site.

The new site offers several benefits over the existing website, including real coordinate mapping, giving a clearer view of the density of documentation as well as more precision about plant distributions and their link to landforms. We will also have the ability to update species pages more regularly, both in terms of new collections and as more existing Michigan specimens are georeferenced. In addition, we have a better photo display, and offer indented keys.


These are strikingly large plants, with big heads and usually very large leaves. Both surfaces of the leaves (or chiefly the upper in S. integrifolium) are strongly roughened with small, pale, hard papillae, these sometimes with a tiny sharp tip.

Three of our species, Silphium integrifolium, S. laciniatum, and S. terebinthinaceum, may occur along railways, though usually in "prairie remnants." It is therefore possible that some outlier populations are recent disperals along railway rights-of-ways.


1. Principal leaves all opposite (occasionally whorled).

2. Leaf bases sessile (or even slightly clasping) but not connate, on a ± terete stem.

S. integrifolium

2. Leaf bases connate around a strongly 4-angled stem.

S. perfoliatum

1. Principal leaves alternate or basal.

3. Leaves alternate, deeply pinnately lobed.

S. laciniatum

3. Leaves basal, unlobed (occasionally one or more much-reduced cauline leaves present).

S. terebinthinaceum

All species found in Silphium

Silphium integrifoliumROSIN WEED 
Silphium laciniatumCOMPASS PLANT 
Silphium perfoliatumCUP PLANT 
Silphium terebinthinaceumPRAIRIE-DOCK 


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. January 29, 2023.