Elymus canadensis L.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt P-Grass

Elymus canadensis B. S. Walters

Most often on sandy (or even somewhat marshy) shores and on sand dunes and in associated thickets; also in forests, especially along trails, river banks, and streams; occasionally with weedy tendencies along roadsides and disturbed areas.

The spikelets are often 3 at a node, especially toward the base of the spike, in this and E. wiegandii. Some specimens of E. riparius may resemble young E. canadensis superficially, but differ in narrower glumes with a more distinct terete portion at the hardened base, and in more numerous, less involute leaves. Elymus diversiglumis approaches Michigan in Wisconsin, and may be found in the western Upper Peninsula. It resembles a sparsely-flowered E. canadensis, and would usually key here, but differs in having very narrow glumes mostly less than 0.4 mm wide and veinless or with just one vein.


Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
    Including Charity Island
Baraga County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Delta County
Dickinson County
Emmet County
Genesee County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Houghton County
Huron County
Ingham County
Iosco County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Monroe County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Schoolcraft County
St. Clair County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 26, 2022. https://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2096.