Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
B. S. Walters
Generally associated with deciduous or mixed forests and thickets, but usually at borders or clearings, river banks, roadsides, or excavations; also frequent on gravelly shores, ridges, and banks; occasionally in swamps. Sometimes abundant for a few years on a recent excavation or sand bank.
This is one of the few plants in the local flora that is pollinated by hummingbirds, as one would expect from a red flower with long nectar-filled spurs.