Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Native to the southeastern US, but long cultivated beyond its native range and rarely (or perhaps barely) escaped in Michigan; collected in a “stump dump” in Benzie Co. by B. T. Hazlett in 1985.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. August 23, 2019. https://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2865.