Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A. A. Reznicek
A major tree of the swamp forests of the southeastern States, though ranging north to southern Indiana; sparingly escaped to wet areas and along watercourses in southwestern Michigan, where first collected by W. S. Martinus in 2010 in Kalamazoo Co.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. April 24, 2019. https://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2872.