Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Discovered at two sites in rich lowland forests in Lenawee Co. in 1957 (Wagner 8468, 8469, MICH) and very rare.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. September 20, 2019. https://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=3.