Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
SHOWY CONEFLOWER, BLACK-EYED SUSAN, ORANGE CONEFLOWER
R. W. Smith
Fens, sedge meadows, calcareous springy banks, riverside swamps, meadows, and other wet (sometimes rocky) ground.
Our plants are all var. sullivantii (C. L. Boynton & Beadle) Cronquist, sometimes recognized as Rudbeckia sullivantii. The commonly grown cultivar ‘Goldsturm’ is derived from this species, but almost all of our collections are wild plants from native wetland settings.