Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A. A. Reznicek
Usually in rich deciduous forests (e.g., beech-maple), swamps, or at least moist clearings and thickets; but also in dry forests (e.g., jack pine and aspen or oak-hickory) and on forested dunes.
The rather delicate glaucous stem and mostly small axillary inflorescences make this an easily recognized species. The little inflorescences may be on elongate axillary branches or the plant may be unbranched. Both forms can occur together. The narrowly elliptic, usually toothed leaves might remind one of S. canadensis, but they are not at all triple-nerved.