Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
A commonly cultivated leathery-leaved, evergreen Asian subshrubby ground cover, forming dense carpets by creeping rhizomes, but not found as an escape in Michigan until collected in Clinton Co. by S. Jones in 2006. Locally spreading into forests.
The fruit is translucent white, fleshy and berry-like, but rarely produced; spread is mostly or entirely vegetative with dispersal presumably from plant fragments.