Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
JAPANESE SPINDLE TREE
A. A. Reznicek
A shrubby Asian species occasionally cultivated and spreading to fencerows and forest edges. First collected near Ann Arbor, Washtenaw Co., by B. J. Madsen in 1999.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. July 24, 2019. https://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=806.